Although Windows CMD or Command Prompt is rarely used by anyone whether they are your run of the mill users or, your super high tech nerdy computer geeks. Compared to other operating systems (like Mac ox or any Linux distributions) terminals, the Windows Command prompt is like the middle child its just there (p.s. Sorry if this joke offends anyone,but I’m trying to make a point haha).
What is CMD
First off CMD stands for Command but can be better know as a command prompt. Now we got to know CMD on a first name bases lets continue shall we. What you do in a command prompt is just what it sounds like, its a program where you can command some set of instruction to be able to preform a task to your computer. When giving commands in the Command Prompt its important that you make sure can can speak its language. You cant just ask it to open a web browser in our English language, you have to speak what is called syntax or command-line syntax. Now Windows command-line syntax is a strict language which means it is very important that nothing is missed spelled and no spaces are left behind. At first when you open up the black screen with the high speed green text, at first sight can be a bit intimating but the concept of using windows GUI. The Windows GUI(Graphical User Interface) is where us as users interact on a graphic interface like this one:
So pretty much working in the command prompt is just like it for example if you click on “My Documents” then right-click on an empty space to create a folder, how you would execute that in the command prompt would be Mkdir. So lets get start learning commands shall we.
How to get to the command prompt
To get to the command prompt on windows 10(Windows 10 because it is the current version I have) go on the bottom left of the screen and where it says “Search Windows” and type cmd and it should appear on the top. As shown on the bottom:
A Few Commands (or more)
CD – Change Directory
CD is a command that basically switches back and fourth to different files or if dig deeper you they are directory’s
cd [name of folder/file]
to go back
Dir – Directory
Dir is a command where it list all folders or files depending where you are.
cls – Clear screen
Come on its pretty self explanatory what this does.
mkdir – Make Directory
This command creates a directory or folder/file with the command followed by the name you wish to create.
mkdir [name of directory]
Important: make sure before hand that you are in the administrative command prompt or it will deny access to you using it. Here a little guidance, on the bottom left corner type cmd and right-click on the icon then you will see Run as administrator.
rmdir – Remove Directory
This removes the Directory.
rmdir [name of file/folder]
Well thats all the basic and most used commands dealing with the command prompt.